useReducer

基本

useState 的替代方案。它接收一个形如 (state, action) => newState 的 reducer,并返回当前的 state 以及与其配套的 dispatch 方法。(如果你熟悉 Redux 的话,就已经知道它如何工作了。)

const [state, dispatch] = useReducer(reducer, initialArg, init);

示例

const initialState = {count: 0};
function reducer(state, action) {
switch (action.type) {
case 'increment':
return {count: state.count + 1};
case 'decrement':
return {count: state.count - 1};
default:
throw new Error();
}
}
function Counter() {
const [state, dispatch] = useReducer(reducer, initialState);
return (
<>
Count: {state.count}
<button onClick={() => dispatch({type: 'decrement'})}>-</button>
<button onClick={() => dispatch({type: 'increment'})}>+</button>
</>
);
}